语法突击:小学英语必须掌握的四大时态讲解


频道:教学资源 来源:天津家教网 点击:179 日期:2023/4/4
       时态是英语中一个重要的语法范畴,小学英语主要是如下的四大时态:一般现在时、现在进行时、一般过去时、一般将来时。都学一在这里天津家教帮大家整理总结了小学英语四种时态的用法,希望大家可以熟练掌握。
一般现在时
主要描述经常会发生的动作、状态或不变的真理。
句末常出现every day/week/year/Monday , in the morning;句中常有always, usually, often, sometimes
组成1.主语+be+名词(形容词)
I am a student.      
He is tall.
否定句:在be 后加not
I am not a student.     
He is not tall.
疑问句:be 动词提前到第一位。
Are you a student?      
Yes,I am./No,I am not. 
Is he tall?
Yes,he is./No,he isn’t.
组成2.主语+动词+地点+时间
We go to school on Monday.
He goes to the park on Sunday.
否定句:主语+don’t/doesn’t’t+动词原形+地点+时间 
We don’t go to school on Monday.
He doesn’t go to the park on Sunday.
疑问句:在句首加do或does
Do you go to school on Monday?  
Yes, we do./ No, we don’t.
Does he go to the park on Sunday?  
Yes, he does./ No, he doesn’t.
动词第三人称单数变化
1. 在原单词末尾加s , 如:like – likes
2. 单词以o, sh, ch, s, x 结尾加es, 如:go – goes
3. 单词末尾为辅音+y结尾去y加ies 如:study- studies
现在进行时
主要叙述正在发生的事情。
句末常出现now;句首常出现look, listen。
组成主语+be +动词ing形式
I am reading English.
They are swimming.
He is playing football.
否定句:在be后加not
I am not reading English.
They are not swimming.
He is not playing football.
疑问句:将be 放到第一位。
Are you reading English?  
Yes, I am./ No, I am not.
Are they swimming?       
Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.
Is he playing football?    
Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.
动词变ing形式
1.在动词末尾加ing. 如:play- playing
2. 末尾有e,要去e加ing. 如:ride – riding
3. 末尾以辅音元音辅音结尾,双写末尾的辅音字母.如:swim-swimming
一般过去时
主要描述过去发生的事情。
句末常出现last night/week/Monday/year, yesterday, ago
组成主语+动词过去式
I was a pilot.
They were busy.
He went to the market.
否定句:在be后加not,在普通动词前加didn’t 动词恢复原形。
I was not a pilot.
They were not busy.
He didn’t go to the market.
疑问句:提前be 动词或在句前加did
Were you a pilot?  
Yes, I was./ No, I wasn’t.
Were they busy?   
Yes, they were./ No, they weren’t.
Did they go to the market?  
Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.
动词变过去式
1. 在末尾加ed或d 如:play-played、like-liked
2. 辅音加y,结尾去y加ied.如:study-studied
3. 辅音元音辅音结尾双写最后一个字母加ed.如:stop-stopped
一般将来时
主要描述将来要发生的事情。
句末常出现next Monday/week/ year, tomorrow
组成1.主语+be going to +动词原形
I am going to visit Ann.
They are going to draw a dog.
She is going to ride a horse.
否定句:在be后加not
I am not going to visit Ann.
They are not going to draw a dog.
She is going to ride a horse.
疑问句:将be提前
Are you going to visit Ann?   
Yes, I am. / No, I am not.
Are they going to draw a dog?   
Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t.
Is she going to ride a horse?      
Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.
组成2.主语+will+动词原形
I will go to the library.
They will clean the house.
She will eat breakfast at home
否定句:在will 后加not 或将will not 写为won’t
I will not go to the library.
They will not clean the house.
She will mot eat breakfast at home.
疑问句:将will 提前
Will you go to the library?  
Yes, I will./ No, I won’t.
Will they clean the house?    
Yes, they will. / No, they won’t.
Will she eat breakfast at home?   
Yes, she will. /No, she won’t.
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