【中考英语】万能亮点句型,英语作文高分必杀技!


频道:最新公告 来源:天津家教网 点击:127 日期:2023/8/8
一. There  is  no句型
 
1. There is no doing 结构。其意为“不可能…”、“无法…”:
There’s no denying the fact. 这一事实不容否认。
There is no getting over the difficulty. 这困难无法克服。
There is no knowing what he will do next. 无法知道他下一步要干什么。
There was no telling when she would be back。没法知道她什么时候回来。
2. There is no difficulty in doing sth结构。意为“做某事没有困难”:
There is no difficulty in finding his office. 找到了他的办公室没费一点劲。
There was no difficulty in carrying out the plan. 执行这项计划没什么困难。
3. There’s no doubt of sth. / dong sth / that … 结构。意为“毫无疑问…”:There is no doubt of his success. 毫无疑问他一定会成功。
There could be no doubt that he was one of the best writer in this country. 毫无疑问他是这个国家最优秀的作家之一。
4. There is no hurry (to do sth) 句式。其意为“不用急(于做某事)”:
There’s no hurry to return the book. 现在不急于还书。
There’s no hurry, so do it slowly and carefully. 不用赶时间,要慢慢细心地做。
5.There’s no need ( for sb. ) to do sth. …结构。其意为“不需要或不必要…”:
There is no need for help. 不需要帮助。
There is no need for you to go. 你没有必要去。
6. There is no sense in doing sth 结构。意为“做某事没有道理或好处”:
There’s no sense in criticizing him. 批评他也没有用。
There’s no sense in waiting three hours. 等三小时是不没有道理的。
7. There’s no point in doing sth 句式。意为“做某事没有用”:
There’s no point (in) telling her about is. 告诉她没有用。
There’s no point in wasting time. 耗时间没用。
【注】以上有的结构中的no根据情况也可换成其他限定词:
There is some difficulty in doing sth意为“做某事有些困难”。
There is much difficulty in doing sth意为“做某事许多困难”。
There’s a need for…意为“需要或有必要…”。
 
 
二. prefer句型
 
 (1) prefer to do sth                          
例:I prefer to stay at home.  
 (2) prefer doing sth                          
例:I prefer playing in defence.  
 (3) prefer sb to do sth                       
例:Would you prefer me to stay?
 (4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth  ……宁愿…...而不愿.…".
例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out
(5) prefer doing sth to doing sth         
例:I prefer watching football to playing it.
(6) prefer sth to sth                         
例:I prefer tea to coffee.   我要茶不要咖啡。
 
 
三. seem 句型
 
 (1) It +seems + that从句                  
例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied.
(2) It seems to sb that ---                  
例:It seems to me that she is right.  
 (3) There seems to be ----                 
例:There seems to be a heavy rain.  
 (4) It seems as if ----                        
例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.
 
 
四. 相差/增加(了/到……)
 
表示“相差……;增加了……;增加到……”句型:
 (1) She is taller than I by three inches. 她比我高三英寸
 (2) There is one year between us. 我们之间相差一岁。
 (3)  She is three years old than I  她比我大三岁。
 (4) They have increased the price by 50%. 他们把价格上涨了50%
 
 
五.too句型
 
 (1) too...to do sth.                 
例:Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.
(=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)
 (2)  can't … too +形容词     无论……也不为过
 例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.
 
 
六. 感叹句型
 
 (1) What a + Adj + N + S + V!
例:What an important thing it is to keep our promise! 
 (2) How + Adj + a + N + V!(多么...!)
例:How important a thing it is to keep our promise!
 (3) How + S + V!
例句:How I want to go to Beijing!
 
 
 
七.情态动词句型(含否定)
 
should ,would, could, might, ought to完成时,表示过去本该做,打算做,想做而未做的事情.
1.should have done =ought to have done  本应该做而没做
2.would have done = 本来就会去做某事而没做
3.could have done = 本可以做某事而没做
4.might have done  本可以做而没做
例:They ought to have apologized.   他们本该道歉的。
5. must have done sth 一定做过某事          
否定形式:can't / couldn’t  have done
例:She must have come here last night.           
She can't have gone there 
6. may have done sth  可能做过某事     
否定形式:may not have done
例:Philip may have been hurt seriously in the car accident.
7.might have done sth 或许做过某事 否定形式: might not have done
例:She might have known what the bottle contained.
 8.should have done sth 估计已经做了某事   
否定形式:should not have done
例:She should have arrived in her office by now.
 
八.动词不定式句型
 
 (1) It takes / took / will take sb. some time / money to do sth.某人花/花了/将花多长时间/多少钱做某事.
例句:It took me years of hard work to speak good English.
 (2) It is + adj +for/of sb to do sth
例:It was careless of Tom to break the cup.
 (3) Sb. have / has / had no choice but to do... 某人除了做……别无选择.
例句:We had no choice but to take a taxi for we'd missed the last bus.
 (4) It's not /just like sb. to do sth.……的行为不/正像某人的一贯作风.
例:lt's not like Jim to be late for class. He regards time as the most important thing in life.  
 (5) …形容词/副词+enough to do sth.
例:I was fortunate enough to travel to South Africa..
 (6) It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。) 
例句:It pays to help others.  
 (7) It cost sb some time/money to do sth
例:It must cost a good deal to live here.住这儿一定会花很多钱的。
(8) do all he could to  do sth  
do what he could to do sth   
do everything he could to do sth
例:They were doing everything they could to help the fatherland.
 (9) It is hard to imagine/ say …   很难想象/说……
例:It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day.
    It's hard to say whether the plan is practical.
 
 
九. 动名词常用句型
 
 (1)  ...have trouble/difficulty/a hard time/a difficult time (in) doing sth.  (有困难做某事)
例:People from the two countries do not have any difficulty in understanding each other.
(2) upon/on doing sth, 一……就……
例:Upon / On hearing the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he couldn't say a word.
(3) There is no/some difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth.
例:There is no difficulty in solving this social problem.
(4) There is no need/use harm/hurry in doing sth
例:There is no need in sending such expensive present.
(5) spend some time/money (in) doing sth
例:They say children spend too much time chatting and playing games instead of focusing on their school work.
(6) It's no use / good/ worth doing sth
例:It’s no use talking with him. He won’t listen to you.
(7) It's a waste of time/money/energy doing
例:It's a waste of time watching TV programme as this.
 
 
十. since 句型
 
(1) Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式
例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.
  自从他上高中,他一直很用功。
 (2) It is +   --- + since   S +持续性谓语动词(表否定)
例:It is three years since she lived here. 她已三年不住这儿了。
 (3) It is / has been + --- + since S + 瞬间谓语动词(表肯定)
例:It is years since I stopped smoking).我戒烟已经数年了。
 
 
十一. more ... than 句型
 
 (1) more --- than  与其……不如……
例:He is more lazy than slow at his work. = He is less slow than lazy at his work.
 (2) more than  超过;不仅仅是;非常
例:These flags are more than just colorful pieces of cloth and thread sewn together.  
(3) not more than  最多,不超过
例:They finished the project in not more than one year.
 (4) no more than  仅仅
例:The officials could see no more than the Emperor.
 
 
十二 .感叹句what句型
 
What +名词+ 陈述语序 
   What+a+形容词+名词+ 陈述语序 
  What+ 形容词+复数名词+陈述语序 
 What+ 形容词+不可数名词+陈述语序 
 
具体说来,表达强烈情绪(喜、怒、哀、乐、惊、恐等)的句子叫做感叹句,强烈情绪的表达通常有下列三种方式: 
(a)使用感叹词;
(b)只用情绪感觉的语词,例如: Water! Water! Quick! (水!水!快!——如救火或救人时。) 
What taste! (这是什么味道啊!——如吃到怪味时) 
(c)使用“How…!”或“What(a)…!”的句式,例如: 
How beautiful you are, Helen! 
海伦,你是多么美!
What a beautiful flower it is! 
这一朵花多么美! 
本句式的主语动词也可以省去以突显情绪的强烈感,例如: 
How cruel(they are)! 
真是惨绝人寰!——如听到绑票的撕票案等。
How beautiful (these flowers are )! 这些花多美啊!
 
(d)使用简短的陈述句配合音调也可以表达感叹,例如: 
 You are kidding! 
你在开玩笑!——表示惊讶
 I love you 
我爱你!——表示喜欢
I hate you! (我恨你!——表示愤怒或绝望
 
一、用 what 引导的感叹句有三种句式,此时, what 为形容词,用作定语,修饰它后面的名词或名词词组。
 
1. What +a / an + 形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!例如:
    What a fine day it is!(多么好的天气啊!)
    What an old building that is!(那是一栋多么破旧的楼房啊!)
 
2. What + 形容词+可数名词复数形式+主语+谓语!例如:
    What good teachers they are! (他们是多么好的老师啊!)
 What beautiful flowers these are!(这些是多么美丽的花啊!)
 
 3. What + 形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语!例如:
    What thick ice we are having here!(我们这儿的冰多厚啊!)
    What round bread it is!(这是一块多么圆的面包啊!)
 
 二、用 how 开头的感叹句也有三种句式,此时, how 是副词,用作状语,修饰后面的形容词、副词或动词。
 
  4. How +形容词+主语+谓语!
例如:
How hot it is today!今天天气多热啊!
How beautiful the flowers are! 
这些花多么美丽啊!
 
 5. How +副词+主语+谓语!
例如:
How hard he works! 
他工作多么努力啊!
How well she sings! 
她歌唱得多好啊!
 
 6. How + 主语+谓语!
例如:How she dances!(她跳舞跳得多好啊!)
 
注意:what 和 how 引起的感叹句,在口语中常可以省略主语、谓语或其它句子成分。例如:How cold ( it is ) !What a good girl!What delicious fish
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